Commitment to Renewing Life

For planet

Conserve Biodiversity

Our progress
Context

One of the main threats to biodiversity loss in Brazil and worldwide is habitat fragmentation. This phenomenon occurs when a continuous natural area of environmental relevance is subdivided into smaller areas disconnected from each other. This happens due to changes in land use and occupation caused mainly by human actions.

Fragmentation modifies ecological interactions in the landscape and isolates species, resulting in reduced genetic variability and reproductive success - which can contribute to their extinction - as well as interfering with the loss of resilience of territories to climate change and the provision of ecosystem services, among other adverse effects.

Suzano's forestry operations cover approximately 2.4 million hectares. Therefore, we understand that it is our role to contribute to connecting these fragments to preserve the biodiversity of the biomes where we are present and mitigate the risk of extinction of these species. 

Informations
Scope

Considering the entire extension and influence of Suzano's territory and understanding that nature does not recognize boundaries between properties, the challenge of the biodiversity commitment considers priority areas for the conservation of biodiversity in Brazil, in the Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Amazon biomes, as defined by the Ministry of  Environment. The commitment's scope considers the natural areas of forests and other fragmented native vegetation that need to be connected, and the respective biodiversity corridors between them, both inside and outside the Company's areas of operation, in partnership with different stakeholders¹.

To achieve this goal, Suzano is focusing on the Connect, Engage and Protect pillars. Based on these pillars, the Company will act strategically on six fronts: implementing and restoring biodiversity corridors, creating a network of Conservation Units (UCs), conserving populations of primates and palm trees, establishing business models that generate shared value and biodiverse production and carrying out actions to reduce the pressures on biodiversity as a result of human action, following the guidelines defined in the National System of Conservation Units (NSCU). 

baseline
Being defined.
ambition
Connect half a million hectares of priority areas for biodiversity conservation in the Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Amazon by 2030.
Results in 2021

In 2021, we focused on defining the governance model for the commitment's actions, in order to enable the structured and transparent execution of its different action fronts. At the same time, we gathered information to feed a georeferenced database, aiming to characterize the corridor regions and determine the main variables that guide the planning of actions over the territories. In this case, we established metrics to determine priority conservation areas to be connected, considering the best paths, optimization of resources, and reduction of impacts in the creation of corridors that will support biodiversity enhancement in the landscapes. We redefined the corridor routes, seeking the most effective routes, i.e. those that can minimize the costs of interventions, but that potentially have the greatest impact on increasing landscape connectivity. The process also involved interviews with landowners in the territories through which the corridors will pass to design effective engagement strategies.Furthermore, we mapped the institutions and leaders of these locations to identify restoration and sustainable development actions already underway, seeking to strengthen the relationship with these stakeholders and identify opportunities for synergy in socio-environmental development actions.

Our plans for 2022

Among the actions planned for 2022, the following stand out:

1. Elaboration of the corridors' executive projects;
2. Definition of the impact indicators of the biodiversity commitment;
3. Definition of KPIs and goals of the Lines of Action;
4. Look for partners and financial backers;
5. Stakeholder engagement;
6. Beginning of management activities along the corridor route;
7. Monitoring anthropic pressures and the risk of forest fires in the corridors;
8. Situational survey of palms and primates in the proposed corridors + action plans for the conservation of these groups;
9. Assumptions, Evaluation of Legal Aspects, and implementation planning for the creation of the network of Conservation Units (CUs).

Once the route definition is approved, and through the three main pillars - Connect, Engage, and Protect - we will prepare the executive projects for the ecological corridors in 2022, detailing the corridor implementation planning for the coming years. The corridors will pass through areas outside and within Suzano's areas, encompassing both native forests and eucalyptus plantations. Therefore, as part of the Connect pillar, we plan to initiate management in some areas of the corridor route, starting the implementation of 150 hectares of restoration and 90 hectares of biodiverse models² in strategic areas.

In the Engage axis, we will continue to mobilize stakeholders to increase the effectiveness of the implementation of the corridors, especially landowners who have already shown an initial interest in carrying out the restoration and who own areas of great ecological value. We will also define the institutional arrangements for the funding strategy and external partnerships. Additionally, we will develop business models associated with biodiversity conservation that aims to improve income generation, social inclusion, and quality of life for landowners and communities within or adjacent to the corridors.

We know that it is equally important to monitor anthropic pressures and risks of forest fires in important areas for the connection. Therefore, as part of the Protect pillar, we will carry out a study to diagnose the pressure that these areas currently suffer, with the aim of directing actions to reduce environmental occurrences that could put the preservation of these fragments at risk. We will also carry out a survey of palm trees and primates already existing in the corridor routes to support the planning of future actions for the conservation of these groups, to deepen the analysis for the creation of networks of Conservation Units in the Atlantic Forest, Cerrado, and Amazon biomes.

  1. Stakeholders consulted: non-governmental organizations, academia, public and private sector. The 63 respondents were evenly distributed as to sociological perspective between non-governmental institutions (38% - 24 people), public sector (32% - 20 people), and private sector (30% - 19 people).
  2. The management models for eucalyptus plantation areas combine different productive models (silviculture, fruit farming, livestock, beekeeping, agroforestry systems, and others), seeking a more efficient use of space and natural resources such as soil, water, and energy.
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